Penelopides panini ticaensis
Ticao Tarictic Hornbill; Ticao-tarikitik Hornbill; Terek (local name); Tariktik ng Ticao
Ticao Island, Philippines
TSE forum thread
The Ticao Tarictic Hornbill formerly occurred on Ticao Island in the Philippines. However, the last sighting was made in 1971 when 3 individuals were collected. Less than 10 hectares of rainforest are all that remain of its former habitat (c.350 sq km). Thus, we know for certain that it does not survive.
BirdLife International. (2012). Penelopides panini. In: IUCN 2013. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.1. (https://www.iucnredlist.org). Downloaded on 25 August 2013.
Curio, E. (1994) Ornithological observations during a (preliminary) Philippines conservation expedition in 1993. Ecol. Birds 16: 613–623.
Curio, E. (1995). Philippine Hornbills. EEP Hornbill TAG Newsletter, 1: 11.
del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A.; Sargatal, J. 2001. Handbook of the Birds of the World, vol. 6: Mousebirds to Hornbills. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona, Spain.