Turnagra capensis capensis


Species Authority
Sparrman, 1787
Common Name
South Island piopio, Piopio, New Zealand thrush
South Island, New Zealand
Last Record
1905 (Tennyson & Martinson, 2006)
IUCN status
TSE forum thread
Taxonomic Notes
[url=https://nlbif.eti.uva.nl/naturalis/detail.php?lang=uk&id=35]RMNH 110.040[/url]
[url=https://nlbif.eti.uva.nl/naturalis/detail.php?lang=uk&id=35]RMNH 110.041[/url] (male)
[url=https://nlbif.eti.uva.nl/naturalis/detail.php?lang=uk&id=35]RMNH 110.056[/url]
[url=https://nlbif.eti.uva.nl/naturalis/detail.php?lang=uk&id=35]RMNH 110.057[/url] (adult, female)
[url=https://nlbif.eti.uva.nl/naturalis/detail.php?lang=uk&id=35]RMNH 110.058[/url] (juvenile, female)
[url=https://nlbif.eti.uva.nl/naturalis/detail.php?lang=uk&id=35]RMNH 110.059[/url] (adult, male)
[b]Unconfirmed reports:[/b]
Near Lake Hauroko, 1947 (Dunckley & Todd, 1949)
Nelson (north-west), 1948 (Moore, 1949)
Child (1965:53) believes he saw [i]Turnagra capensis capensis[/i] on 24 May 1963.
[b]Original Scientific Description:[/b]
Sparrman, A. (1787). [Turnagra capensis]. Mus. Carlsonianum 2: 45.
[b]Species Bibliography:[/b]
Anmarkrud, Jarl Andreas and Lifjeld, Jan T. (In Press, 2016). Complete mitochondrial genomes of eleven extinct or possibly extinct bird species. Molecular Ecology Resources. DOI: 10.1111/1755-0998.12600 [[url=https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/1755-0998.12600/full]Abstract[/url]]
Anonymous. (1964). [url=https://cmsdocs.s3.amazonaws.com/documents/1964_Bird_List_English_IUCN_Bulletin_10-Supp_Jan-Mar.pdf]List of rare birds, including those thought to be so but of which detailed information is still lacking[/url]. IUCN Bulletin 10(Special Supplement): 4 pp.
BirdLife International. (2012). Turnagra capensis. In: IUCN 2013. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.1. (https://www.iucnredlist.org). Downloaded on 30 August 2013.
Buller, W. L. (1888). A history of the birds of New Zealand, 2nd edition. London: Self published.
Child, Peter. (1965). [url=https://notornis.osnz.org.nz/system/files/Notornis_12_1.pdf#page=54]Is the South Island Piopio extinct?[/url] Notornis 12(1): 53.
Christidis, L.; Leeton, P. R.; Westerman, M. (1996). Were bowerbirds part of the New Zealand fauna. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA 93: 3898-3901.
Dunckley, J. V. and Todd, C. M. (1949). Birds west of the Waiau River. N. Z. Bird Notes 3: 163-164.
Fuller, Errol. (1988). Extinct Birds. New York: Facts on File Publications. 256 pp.
Ghiraldi, Luca and Aimassi, Giorgio. (2019). [url=https://bioone.org/journals/Bulletin-of-the-British-Ornithologists-Club/volume-139/issue-1/bboc.v139i1.2019.a2/Extinct-and-endangered-EE-birds-in-the-ornithological-collection-of/10.25226/bboc.v139i1.2019.a2.full]Extinct and endangered (‘E&E’) birds in the ornithological collection of the Museum of Zoology of Torino University, Italy[/url]. Bulletin of the British Ornithologists’ Club 139(1): 28-45.
Greenway James C. (1967). Extinct and Vanishing Birds of the World. American Committee for International Wild Life Protection, Special Publication no 13, 2nd edn. Dover Publications, New York.
Holdaway, Richard N., Worthy, Trevor H. and Tennyson, Alan J. D. (2001). [url=https://www.google.com.au/url?sa=t&rct=j&q=&esrc=s&source=web&cd=2&cad=rja&uact=8&ved=0CCsQFjAB&url=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.researchgate.net%2Fprofile%2FTrevor_Worthy%2Fpublication%2F230601212_A_working_list_of_breeding_bird_species_of_the_New_Zealand_region_at_first_human_contact%2Flinks%2F02bfe512344d46b596000000&ei=QC13VMLWA9CC8gXI54HIBg&usg=AFQjCNHqGILfYlA1H1vsyUeLHa7IhOXStg&bvm=bv.80642063,d.dGc]A working list of breeding bird species of the New Zealand region at first human contact[/url]. New Zealand Journal of Zoology 28: 119-187.
Jouanin, Christian. (1962). [url=https://documents.irevues.inist.fr/bitstream/handle/2042/59237/LATERREETLAVIE_1962_3_257.pdf?sequence=1]Inventaire des oiseaux éteints ou en voie d’extinction conservés au Muséum de Paris[/url]. Terre et Vie 109: 275-301.
Knox, A. G.; Walters, M. P. (1994). Extinct and endangered birds in the collections of the Natural History Museum. British Ornithologists' Club, Tring, U.K.
Marples, B. K. (1946). [url=https://notornis.osnz.org.nz/system/files/Notornis_1_sup.pdf]List of the birds of New Zealand[/url]. Notornis 1(supp.): i-vii.
Medway, D. G. (1976). [url=https://notornis.osnz.org.nz/system/files/Notornis_23_2.pdf#page=40]Extant types of New Zealand birds from Cook's voyages (Part 2: the type specimens)[/url]. Notornis 23(2): 120-137.
Millener, P. R. (1981). The Quaternary avifauna of the North Island, New Zealand. Unpubl. PhD thesis, Department of Geology, University of Auckland, Auckland, New Zealand.
Moore, E. M. (1949). New Zealand thrush in Classified summarised notes. N. Z. Bird Notes 3: 102.
Oliver, W. R. B. (1955). New Zealand birds, 2nd edition. Wellington: A. H. & A. W. Reed.
Olson, S. L.; Parkes, K. C; Clench, M. H.; Borecky, S. R. (1983). The affinities of the New Zealand passerine genus Turnagra. Notornis 30: 319-346.
Pascoe, John. (1959). Mr. Explorer Douglas. Wellington: A. H. & A. W. Reed.
Potts, T. H. (1872). On the birds of New Zealand (part III). Trans. N. Z. Inst. 5: 171-205.
Hugh Robertson, John Dowding, Graeme Elliott, Rod Hitchmough, Colin Miskelly, Colin O’Donnell, Ralph Powlesland, Paul Sagar, Paul Scofield, Graeme Taylor. (2013). [url=https://www.doc.govt.nz/publications/science-and-technical/products/series/new-zealand-threat-classification-series/]Conservation status of New Zealand birds, 2012[/url]. New Zealand Threat Classification Series 4. 22 pp.
Scott, Peter (ed.). (1965). [url=https://cmsdocs.s3.amazonaws.com/documents/WWF_Red_List_1964.pdf]Section XIII. Preliminary List of Rare Mammals and Birds[/url], pp. 155-237. In: The Launching of a New Ark. First Report of the President and Trustees of the World Wildlife Fund. An International Foundation for saving the world's wildlife and wild places 1961-1964. London: Collins.
Seersholm, Frederik V. et al. (2018). [url=https://www.pnas.org/content/pnas/early/2018/07/03/1803573115.full.pdf]Subsistence practices, past biodiversity, and anthropogenic impacts revealed by New Zealand-wide ancient DNA survey[/url]. PNAS. https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1803573115 [[url=https://www.pnas.org/content/suppl/2018/07/04/1803573115.DCSupplemental]Supplementary information[/url]]
Tennyson, A. J. D. and Martinson, P. (2006). Extinct Birds of New Zealand. Te Papa Press, Wellington.
Turbott, E. G. (convener). (1990). Checklist of the Birds of New Zealand, 3rd ed. Ornithological Society of New Zealand & Random Century, Auckland.
Williams, G. R. (1962). [url=https://notornis.osnz.org.nz/system/files/Notornis_10_1.pdf#page=17]Extinction and the land and freshwater-inhabiting birds of New Zealand[/url]. Notornis 10(1): 15-32. [p. 19, 21]
Wood, J. R. (2016). Spatial distribution of late Holocene bird bones in the Mason Bay dune system, Stewart Island, New Zealand. Journal of the Royal Society of New Zealand. DOI:10.1080/03036758.2016.1149497 [[url=https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/03036758.2016.1149497]Abstract[/url]]
Worthy, Trevor H. (1993). [url=https://www.academia.edu/29428657/FOSSILS_OF_HONEYCOMB_HILL_MUSEUM_OF_NEW_ZEALAND_TE_PAPA_TONGAREWA_WELLINGTON_1993?campaign=upload_email]Fossils of Honeycomb Hill[/url]. Museum of New Zealand, Te Papa Tongarewa, Wellington. 56 pp.
Worthy, Trevor H. (2001). [url=https://notornis.osnz.org.nz/system/files/Notornis_48_4_224.pdf]A fossil vertebrate fauna accumulated by laughing owls (Sceloglaux albifacies) on the Gouland Downs, northwest Nelson, South Island[/url]. Notornis 48(4): 225-233.
Worthy, Trevor H. and Holdaway, Richard N. (1993). [url=https://books.google.com.au/books?id=Ha04AAAAIAAJ&printsec=frontcover#v=onepage&q&f=false]Quaternary fossil faunas from caves in the Punakaiki area, West Coast, South Island, New Zealand[/url]. Journal of the Royal Society of New Zealand 23(3): 147-254.
Worthy, T. H. and Holdaway, R. N. (1994). [url=https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/pdf/10.1080/03014223.1994.9517474]Quaternary fossil faunas from caves in Takaka Valley and on Takaka Hill, northwest Nelson, South Island, New Zealand[/url]. Journal of The Royal Society of New Zealand 24(3): 297-391.
Worthy, Trevor H. and Holdaway, Richard N. (1996). [url=https://www.academia.edu/603783/Worthy_T.H._and_R.N._Holdaway_1996._Quaternary_fossil_faunas_overlapping_taphonomies_and_palaeofaunal_reconstruction_in_North_Canterbury_South_Island_New_Zealand._Journal_of_the_Royal_Society_of_New_Zealand_26_3_275-361]Quaternary fossil faunas, overlapping taphonomies, and palaeofaunal reconstruction in North Canterbury, South Island New Zealand[/url]. Journal of the Royal Society of New Zealand 26(3): 275-361.