enfrdeitjaptrues

Cetartiodactyla (Even-toed Ungulates)

 

Suborder: Ruminantia (Ruminants)

Infraorder: Tragulina (Chevrotains)

Family: Tragulidae

Scientific Name Author/s Common Name Last Record Distribution Status Taxon Profile
Tragulus versicolor Thomas, 1910 Silver-backed chevrotain, Vietnamese mousedeer - Vietnam Rediscovered Access

 

 

Infraorder: Pecora (Bovids, Deer, Giraffids, Pronghorn etc.)

Family: Antilocapridae (Pronghorns)

Scientific Name Author/s Common Name Last Record Distribution Status Taxon Profile
Antilocapra pacifica Richards & McCrossin, 1991 Pacific pronghorn Late Pleistocene North America Extinct Access
Capromeryx furcifer Matthews, 1924 Matthew's pronghorn Holocene? USA Extinct Access
Capromeryx minor Taylor, 1911 Diminutive pronghorn Holocene? The Americas Extinct Access
Stockoceros conklingi Stock, 1930 Conkling's pronghorn Late Pleistocene New Mexico Extinct Access
Tetrameryx shuleri Lull, 1921 - Late Pleistocene Texas, USA Extinct Access
Tetrameryx onusrosagris Roosevelt & Burden, 1934 Shuler’s pronghorn, Quentin's pronghorn Late Pleistocene Arizona & New Mexico, USA Extinct Access

 

Family: Bovidae (Antelope, Buffaloes, Cattle, Goats, Sheep, Gnu/Wildebeest etc.)

Scientific Name Author/s Common Name Last Record Distribution Status Taxon Profile
Aepyceros sp. nov. 'Kenya' - Kenyan impala Late Pleistocene Kenya Extinct Access
Alcelaphus buselaphus buselaphus Pallas, 1766 Bubal hartebeest 1925? Algeria, Egypt, Libya, Morocco and Tunisia Extinct Access
Alcelaphus buselaphus tora Gray, 1873 Tora hartebeest 2010? Ethiopia & Sudan Missing Access
Alcelaphus caama colour morph 'caama' Cuvier, 1803/4 Cape red hartebeest 1938 South Africa Invalid (colour morph) Access
Ammotragus lervia ornata (I. Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire, 1827) Egyptian Barbary sheep (rediscovered) Egypt Rediscovered Access
Antidorcas australis Hendey & Hendey, 1968 Southern springbok c. 5,000 BC South Africa Extinct Access
Antidorcas bondi Cooke & Wells, 1951 Bond’s springbok c. 5,000 BC South Africa & Zimbabwe Extinct Access
Bison antiquus Leidy, 1852 Ancient bison c. 8,000 BC USA Extinct Access
Bison bison athabascae Rhoads, 1897 Woodland bison, Mountain bison (rediscovered) North America Rediscovered Access
Bison bison oregonus Bailey, 1932 Oregon bison 1840's/1850's   Invalid (synonym) Access
Bison bison pennsylvanicus Shoemaker, 1915 Pennsylvanian bison, Eastern woodland bison, Eastern bison 1825 Pennsylvania, USA Invalid (synonym) Access
Bison bonasus caucasicus Turkin & Satunin, 1904 Caucasian wisent 1925 or 1927 Caucasus Mountains, Europe Extinct Access
Bison bonasus hungarorum Kretzoi, 1946 Carpathian wisent 1790 Carpathian Mountains and Romania Extinct Access
Bison latifrons Harlan, 1825 Giant bison, Giant Ice Age bison, Long-horned bison Late Pleistocene Canada & USA Extinct Access
Bison occidentalis Lucas, 1898 Western bison Holocene North America Extinct Access
Bison priscus priscus Bojanus, 1825 Steppe bison, Steppe wisent c.5,400 years ago Eurasia and North America Extinct Access
Bison priscus ssp. nov. 'Rauchua River' - Rauchua River bison Early Holocene Russia Extinct Access
Bison schoetensacki schoetensacki (Freudenberg, 1910) Woodland bison Late Pleistocene North America & Europe Extinct Access
Bootherium bombifrons Harlan, 1825 Harlan's musk-ox, Woodland muskox, Helmeted muskox, Bonnet-headed muskox Late Pleistocene North America Extinct Access
Bos gaurus sinhaleyus Deraniyagala, 1951 Ceylon gaur, Sri Lankan gaur Historic times Sri Lanka Extinct Access
Bos primigenius mauretanicus Thomas, 1881 North African aurochs Holocene North Africa Invalid (synonym) Access
Bos primigenius namadicus Falconer, 1859 Indian aurochs Late Pleistocene or Holocene India Invalid (synonym) Access
Bos primigenius primigenius Bojanus, 1825 Aurochs, Urus, Auerochs (archaic) Early 1600's (<1627 AD) Eurasia Extinct Access
Bos primigenius suxianensis ? Chinese aurochs ? Anhui Province, China Invalid (nomen dubium)? Access
Bos sauveli Urbain, 1937 Kouprey, Grey ox 1969 Cambodia Extinct Access
Bubalus arnee hosei Lydekker, 1898 Borneo water buffalo 1920 Borneo Invalid? Access
Bubalus cebuensis Croft, Heaney, Flynn & Bautista, 2006 Cebu tamaraw Late Pleistocene or Holocene Cebu, Philippines Extinct Access
Bubalus grovesi Rozzi, 2017 - Late Pleistocene or Holocene Sulawesi, Indonesia Extinct Access
Bubalus macrocerus Gray, 1852 (Hodgson, 1842?; Hodgson, 1847?) Long-horned Indian buffalo c.1850 Assam and Bihar, India Invalid (synonym) Access
Bubalus mephistopheles Hopwood, 1925 Short-horned water buffalo c.1200 BC China Extinct Access
Bubalus murrensis Berckhemer, 1927 European water buffalo c. 123,000 BC? Germany, Italy & the Netherlands Extinct Access
Bubalus palaeokerabau Dubois, 1908 Long-horned Javan water buffalo Late Pleistocene Java, Indonesia Extinct Access
Bubalus quarlesi (Ouwens, 1910) Mountain anoa - Sulawesi, Indonesia Extinct in the wild Access
Capra pyrenaica lusitanica Schlegel, 1872 Portugese Ibex 1892 Portugal Extinct Access
Capra pyrenaica pyrenaica Schinz, 1838 Pyrenean Ibex, Bucardo, Pyrenean wild goat 6 January 2000 Pyrénées Mountains, Europe Extinct Access
Connochaetes gnou antiquus Broom, 1913 Pleistocene black gnou/wildebeest  20,000-40,000 BC Africa Extinct Access
Damaliscus hypsodon Faith et al., 2012 - Late Pleistocene Kenya Extinct Access
Damaliscus korrigum selousi Lydekker, 1907 Guasin-gishu topi, Selous's topi, Selous' topi >1930 Guasin-gishu Plateau, Mount Elgon, western Kenya Extinct Access
Damaliscus niro Hopwood, 1936 Pleistocene blesbok, Bastard hartebeest Late Pleistocene Africa Extinct Access
Euceratherium collinum (Furlong and Sinclair, 1904) Shrub ox, Shrub-ox Late Pleistocene North America Extinct Access
Eudorcas rufina Thomas, 1894 Red gazelle, Algerian gazelle, Rufous gazelle pre-1894 Atlas Mountains, Algeria & Morocco? Extinct Access
Gazella arabica Lichtenstein, 1827 Arabian gazelle 1825 Farasan Islands, Saudi Arabia (allegedly) Invalid (synonym) Access
Gazella atlantica Bourguignat, 1870 Atlantic gazelle Late Pleistocene Algeria & Morocco Extinct Access
Gazella bilkis Groves & Lay, 1985 Queen [of] Sheba’s Gazelle, Yemen Gazelle, Bilkis gazelle 1951 El Hauban, southern Yemen Extinct or invalid Access
Gazella saudiya Carruthers & Schwarz, 1935 Saudi gazelle, Saudi Arabian dorcas gazelle 1946 Jordan (prehistoric), Kuwait (isolated report), Saudi Arabia & Yemen Extinct Access
Gazella tingitana Arambourg, 1957 - Late Pleistocene Morocco Extinct Access
Hemitragus bonali Harlé & Stehlin, 1913 (1914?) Bonal tahr 100ka Europe (western) Extinct Access
Hemitragus cedrensis Crégut-Bonnoure, 1989 - Late Pleistocene France Extinct Access
Hippotragus leucophaeus (Pallas, 1766) Bluebuck, Blue antelope, Blaauwbok, Blaubok c.1800 Swellendam district, Cape Province/Colony, South Africa Extinct Access
Hippotragus niger variani Thomas, 1916 Giant sable, Giant sable antelope (rediscovered) Angola Rediscovered Access
Homoioceras singae Bate, 1949 - Late Pleistocene Sudan Extinct Access
Kobus leche robertsi Rothschild, 1907 Roberts' lechwe, Kawambwa lechwe early 1900's Zambia Extinct Access
Kobus leche venterae Broom, 1913 Cape lechwe, Venter's lechwe Late Pleistocene? Florisbad (=Haagenstad), South Africa Invalid (synonym) Access
Megalotragus priscus Broom, 1909 Giant wildebeest Late Pleistocene South Africa Extinct Access
Megalovis guangxiensis Han, 1987 - Late Pleistocene Guangxi, China Extinct Access
Myotragus balearicus Bate, 1909 Balearic Islands cave goat 2830-2470 cal. BC Balearic Islands (Cabrera, Dragonera, Mallorca & Menorca) Extinct Access
Oreamnos harringtoni Stock, 1936 Harrington's mountain goat c. 9,000 BC USA Extinct Access
Ourebia ourebi kenyae Meinhertzhagen, 1905 Kenya oribi 1960's-1980's lower slopes of Mount Kenya, Kenya Extinct Access
Ovis ammon jubata Peters, 1876 Northern Chinese argali 24 August 1972 or later China (northern) Missing Access
Ovis canadensis auduboni Merriam, 1901 Badlands bighorn (sheep), Audubon's bighorn (sheep) Early 1900's The Dakotas and Nebraska, USA Invalid (synonym) Access
Praeovibos priscus Staudinger, 1908 - Late Pleistocene Eurasia and North America Extinct Access
Rusingoryx atopocranion Pickford & Thomas, 1984 - Late Pleistocene Kenya (Rusinga Island & Mfangano Island) Extinct Access
Saiga binagadensis Alekperova, 1955   Late Pleistocene Transcaucasica Extinct Access
Saiga borealis Tschersky, 1876   Late Pleistocene Eurasia Extinct Access
Saiga prisca Nehring, 1891   Late Pleistocene Moravia Extinct Access
Saiga ricei     Late Pleistocene Alaska & Siberia Extinct Access
Sivacobus sankaliai Vrba, Bibi & Costa, 2015 - Late Pleistocene Gujarat, India Extinct Access
Spirocerus kiakhtensis Boule & Teilhard, 1928 Screw-horned antelope Late Pleistocene Baikal Region, Russia Extinct Access
Symbos cavifrons Leidy, 1853 Woodland musk ox(en) Late Pleistocene North America Invalid (synonym) Access
Syncerus antiquus Duvernoy, 1851 Giant long-horned buffalo, Giant buffalo, Long-horned buffalo c.9,000 BC Africa Extinct Access
Taurotragus oryx "antiquus" [Peters et al. 1994] Pleistocene eland Late Pleistocene Africa ? Access
CAPRINAE sp. et. gen. nov. - - Holocene South Africa Extinct Access

 

Family: Cervidae (Deer)

Scientific Name Author/s Common Name Last Record Distribution Status Taxon Profile
Alces alces caucasicus Vereshchagin, 1955 Caucasian elk, Caucasian moose 1810 or later Caucasus region, Europe Extinct Access
Alces latifrons Johnson, 1874 Broad-fronted moose Late Pleistocene-Holocene border Europe Extinct Access
Agalmaceros blicki Frick, 1937 Blick's deer Late Pleistocene Ecuador Extinct Access
Antifer niemeyeri Casamiquela, 1984 - Late Pleistocene Chile Invalid (synonym) Access
Antifer ultra Ameghino, 1889 - Late Pleistocene or Holocene South America Extinct Access
Bretzia nebrascensis Gunnell & Foral, 1994 - Late Pleistocene-Holocene border Nebraska & South Dakota, USA Extinct Access
Candiacervus cretensis Simonelli, 1908 Cretan dwarf candiacervine deer Late Pleistocene Crete, Greece Extinct Access
Candiacervus devosi van der Geer, 2018 - Late Pleistocene Crete, Greece Extinct Access
Candiacervus dorothensis (Capasso Barbato, 1990) - Late Pleistocene Crete, Greece Extinct Access
Candiacervus listeri van der Geer, 2018 - Late Pleistocene Crete, Greece Extinct Access
Candiacervus major Capasso Barbato & Petronio, 1986 - Late Pleistocene Crete, Greece Extinct Access
Candiacervus rethymnensis Kuss, 1975 - Late Pleistocene Crete, Greece Extinct Access
Candiacervus reumeri van der Geer, 2018 - Late Pleistocene Crete, Greece Extinct Access
Candiacervus ropalophorus De Vos, 1984 - Late Pleistocene Crete, Greece Extinct Access
Cervalces scotti Lydekker, 1898 Stag-moose, Elk-moose Late Pleistocene North America Extinct Access
Cervus astylodon (Matsumoto, 1926) - Late Pleistocene Japan Extinct Access
Cervus canadensis canadensis Erxleben, 1777 Eastern elk, Wapiti, American wapiti, American elk c.1880 Canada Extinct Access
Cervus canadensis palmidactyloceros De Stefano, 1911 - Late Pleistocene Italy Extinct Access
Cervus canadensis wallichii (Cuvier, 1823) Tibetan red deer, shou (rediscovered) Bhutan & Tibet Rediscovered Access
Cervus elaphus aretinus Azzaroli, 1961 - Late Pleistocene Italy Extinct Access
Cervus elaphus merriami Nelson, 1902 Merriam's elk 1906 North America Extinct Access
Cervus elaphus siciliae Pohlig, 1893 Sicilian deer Late Pleistocene Sicily, Italy Extinct Access
Cervus nippon grassianus Heude, 1884 Shanxi sika, Shansi sika, Shanxi sika deer c.1940 Shanxi Province, China Extinct in the wild Access
Cervus nippon mandarinus Milne-Edwards, 1871 North China sika, Mandarin sika deer - Hebei Province, China Extinct in the wild Access
Cervus nippon pseudaxis Gervais, 1841 Vietnamese sika deer, Tonkin sika ? Vietnam Extinct in the wild Access
Dama geiselana Pfeiffer, 1998 - Late Pleistocene Germany Extinct Access
Dama mesopotamica Brooke, 1875 Mesopotamian fallow deer, Persian fallow deer (rediscovered) Iran Rediscovered Access
Epieuryceros proximus (Castellano, 1945) - Holocene? South America Extinct Access
Haploidoceros mediterraneus Bonifay, 1967 - c. 88,000 BC France Extinct Access
Megaceroides algericus Lydekker, 1890 North African giant deer Holocene Algeria & Morocco Extinct Access
Megaloceros cazioti Depéret, 1897 - Late Pleistocene Corsica (France) and Sardinia (Italy) Extinct Access
Megaloceros dawkinsi (Newton, 1882) - Late Pleistocene Britain Extinct Access
Megaloceros giganteus (Blumenbach, 1799) Eurasian giant deer, Giant deer, Irish elk, Giant Irish deer c. 6,000 BC Eurasia (Ireland to China) Extinct Access
Megaloceros sp. nov. 'Sadali' - - Late Pleistocene Sardinia, Italy Extinct Access
Morenelaphus brachyceros Gervais & Ameghino, 1880 - Late Pleistocene Brazil Extinct Access
Morenelaphus lujanensis (Ameghino, 1888) - Late Pleistocene or Holocene Uruguay Extinct Access
Muntiacus gigas Wei et al., 1990 Giant muntjac, Large-antlered muntjac (rediscovered) China, Laos & Vietnam Rediscovered Access
Muntiacus montanus Robinson & Kloss, 1918 - (rediscovered) Sumatra, Indonesia Rediscovered Access
Muntiacus rooseveltorum Osgood, 1932 Roosevelts' barking deer, Roosevelts' muntjac, Laotian barking deer (rediscovered) Laos Rediscovered Access
Navahoceros fricki Schultz & Howard, 1935 Frick's mountain deer Holocene? Americas Extinct Access
Odocoileus lucasi Hay, 1927 American mountain deer Late Pleistocene Americas Extinct Access
Odocoileus salinae Frick, 1937 - Holocene Ecuador & Peru Extinct, if distinct Access
Paraceros fragilis (Ameghino, 1888) - Late Pleistocene South America Extinct Access
Rangifer tarandus constantini Flerov, 1934 - Late Pleistocene Europe Extinct Access
Rangifer tarandus dawsoni Thompson-Seton, 1900 Dawson's caribou, Dawson's dwarf caribou, Queen Charlotte Islands caribou, Queen Charlotte reindeer 1908 Graham Island, Queen Charlotte Islands, British Columbia, Canada Invalid (synonym) Access
Rangifer tarandus eogroenlandicus Degerbøl, 1957 Greenland tundra reindeer, East Greenland reindeer, Arctic reindeer 1900 (c.1950?) Greenland (eastern) Extinct Access
Rangifer tarandus guettardi Desmarest, 1822 - Late Pleistocene Europe Extinct Access
Rucervus eldii eldii M'Clelland, 1842 Eld's deer, Sangai, Manipur's brow-antlered deer, Brow-antlered deer, Manipur brown-antlered deer Rediscovered Manipur, India Rediscovered Access
Rucervus schomburgki Blyth, 1863 Schomburgk's deer 1938 Thailand Missing Access
Rusa marianna boninensis Lydekker, 1905 Bonin Islands sambar deer c.1925 Ogasawara Islands (=Bonin Islands), Japan Invalid (synonym) Access
Sangamona fugitiva Hay, 1920 - Late Pleistocene North America Extinct Access
Sinomegaceros baotouensis (Huang, Li & Nie, 1989) - Late Pleistocene East Asia Extinct Access
Sinomegaceros ordosianus mentougouensis ? - Late Pleistocene Asia Extinct Access
Sinomegaceros ordosianus minor (Kamei, 1958) - Late Pleistocene Japan Invalid? Access
Sinomegaceros ordosianus ordosonianus Young, 1932 - Late Pleistocene Asia Extinct Access
Sinomegaceros yabei (Shikama, 1938) Giant Japanese elk, Yabe's giant deer Late Pleistocene Japan Extinct Access
Torontoceros hypogaeus Churcher & Peterson, 1982 - Late Pleistocene Canada Extinct Access

 

Family: Giraffidae

Scientific Name Author/s Common Name Last Record Distribution Status Taxon Profile
Sivatherium maurusium Pomel, 1893 - Late Pleistocene? Afro-Asia Extinct Access

 

Family: Moschidae (Musk Deer)

—No subordinate taxa

 

Suborder: Suina (Peccaries and Pigs)

Family: Suidae

Scientific Name Author/s Common Name Last Record Distribution Status Taxon Profile
Babyroussa babyrussa beruensis Hooijer, 1948 Beru babyrussa Late Pleistocene? Sulawesi, Indonesia Extinct Access
Babyrousa bolabatuensis Hooijer, 1950 Bola Batu babirusa Holocene? Sulawesi (south-western), Indonesia Extinct? Access
Kolpochoerus cf. majus - - 28,670±600 14 C yBP Rusinga Island, Kenya Extinct Access
Metridiochoerus compactus (Van Hoepen & Van Hoepen, 1932) - Late Pleistocene? Zimbabwe Extinct Access
Phacochoerus aethiopicus aethiopicus Pallas, 1766 Cape warthog c. 1865 (1871?) South Africa Extinct Access
Porcula salvania Hodgson, 1847 Pygmy hog (rediscovered) Bhutan, India and Nepal Rediscovered Access
Sus brachygnathus Dubois, 1908 - Late Pleistocene? Java, Indonesia Extinct Access
Sus bucculentus Heude, 1892 Heude's pig, Indo-chinese warty pig, Vietnam warty pig 1892? Laos & Vietnam Invalid (synonym) Access
Sus cebifrons cebifrons Heude, 1888 Cebu warty pig 1960's Cebu, Philippines Extinct Access
Sus scrofa libycus Gray, 1868 - ? North Africa Invalid (synonym) Access
Sus scrofa sennaarensis Fitzinger, 1858 Sennar pig, Egyptian wild boar <1900 AD Egypt to north Sudan Invalid (synonym) Access
Sus xiaozhu Han et al., 1975 Pleistocene timpuriu Late Pleistocene China Extinct Access

 

 

Family: Tayassuidae

Scientific Name Author/s Common Name Last Record Distribution Status Taxon Profile
Catagonus bonaerensis Ameghino, 1904 Buenos Aires peccary Late Pleistocene Buenos Aires, Argentina Extinct Access
Catagonus stenocephalus Lund in Reinhardt, 1880 Narrow-headed peccary Late Pleistocene or Holocene Bolivia & Brazil Extinct Access
Catagonus wagneri (Rusconi, 1930) Chacoan peccary, Tagua (rediscovered) Argentina, Bolivia & Paraguay Rediscovered Access
Muknalia minima Stinnesbeck et al., 2017 - Late Pleistocene-Holocene Mexico Extinct Access
Mylohyus fossilis Leidy, 1860 Fossil peccary Late Pleistocene North America Extinct Access
Mylohyus nasutus Leidy, 1868 Long-nosed peccary Late Pleistocene USA Invalid (synonym) Access
Platygonus compressus Leconte, 1848 Flat-headed peccary Late Pleistocene North America Extinct Access

 

 

Suborder: Tylopoda (Camelids)

Family: Camelidae

Scientific Name Author/s Common Name Last Record Distribution Status Taxon Profile
Camelops hesternus Leidy, 1873 Yesterday's camel, Western camel Late Pleistocene USA Extinct Access
Camelus sp. nov. 'moreli' - Syrian camel Late Pleistocene Syria Extinct if valid Access
Camelus thomasi Pomel, 1893 Thomas' camel Late Pleistocene or Holocene North Africa & Israel) Extinct Access
Eulamaops paralellus (Ameghino, 1889) - Late Pleistocene-Holocene border Argentina Extinct Access
Hemiauchenia macrocephala Cope, 1893 Big-headed llama Holocene? New Mexico, USA Extinct Access
Hemiauchenia paradoxa Gervais & Ameghino, 1880 - Late Pleistocene Argentina, Bolivia & Brazil Extinct Access
Lama gracilis Gervais & Ameghino, 1881 Gracile llama Late Pleistocene South America Extinct Access
Palaeolama aequatorialis Hoffstetter, 1952 - Late Pleistocene Ecuador & Peru Extinct Access
Palaeolama major Liais, 1872 - Late Pleistocene Brazil Extinct Access
Palaeolama mirifica Simpson, 1929 - Late Pleistocene The Americas Extinct Access
Palaeolama weddelli (Gervais, 1855) - Late Pleistocene Bolivia Extinct Access

 

 

Suborder: Whippomorpha (Dolphins, Hippos, Porpoises, Whales etc.)

Infraorder: Ancodonta (Hippos)

Family: Hippopotamidae

Scientific Name Author/s Common Name Last Record Distribution Status Taxon Profile
Choeropsis liberiensis heslopi Corbet, 1969 Heslop's Pygmy Hippo(potamus), Niger Delta Pygmy Hippo(potamus) <1946 Niger Delta, Nigeria Missing Access
Hexaprotodon palaeindicus Falconer and Cautley, 1847 - Late Pleistocene? India Extinct Access
Hexaprotodon sinhaleyus Deraniyagala, 1935 - Late Pleistocene? Sri Lanka Extinct Access
Hexaprotodon sivalensis Falconer & Cautley, 1836 - Late Pleistocene? Asia Extinct Access
Hippopotamus antiquus Desmarest, 1822 European hippo(potamus) Late Pleistocene Europe Extinct Access
Hippopotamus creutzburgi creutzburgi Boekschoten & Sondaar, 1966 Cretan dwarf hippo(potamus) Late Pleistocene Crete, Greece Extinct Access
Hippopotamus guldbergi Fovet, Faure & Guérin, 2011 Madagascan dwarf hippopotamus, Madagascan pygmy hippo, Malagasy hippo Holocene Madagascar Invalid (synonym) Access
Hippopotamus laloumena Faure & Guérin, 1990 Malagasy hippo(potamus), Laloumene's hippo(potamus) Holocene Madagascar Extinct Access
Hippopotamus lemerlei Grandidier in Milne-Edwards, 1868 Madagascan dwarf hippopotamus, Malagasy hippo, Lemerle's hippopotamus Holocene Madagascar Extinct Access
Hippopotamus madagascariensis Guldberg, 1883 Madagascan dwarf hippopotamus, Madagascan pygmy hippo, Malagasy hippo Holocene Madagascar Extinct Access
Hippopotamus melitensis Major, 1902 - Late Pleistocene Malta Extinct Access
Hippopotamus pentlandi Von Meyer, 1832 Sicilian Dwarf Hippo(potamus) Late Pleistocene Malta & Sicily (Italy) Extinct Access
Phanourios minor Desharest, 1822 Cyprus dwarf hippo(potamus), Cypriot pygmy hippo(potamus) Late Pleistocene Cyprus Extinct Access

 

 

Infraorder: Cetacea (Cetaceans)

Parvorder: Mysticeti (Baleen Whales)

Superfamily: Balaenoidea (Right Whales)
Family: Balaenidae (Greater Right Whales)
Scientific Name Author/s Common Name Last Record Distribution Status Taxon Profile
Balaena swedenborgii Liljeborg, 1867 Swedenborg whale c.6,000 BC Sweden Invalid (synonym) Access

 

Family: Cetotheriidae (Pygmy Right Whale)

—No subordinate taxa

 

Superfamily: Balaenopteroidea (Baleen whales, Humpback Whales, etc.)
Family: Balaenopteridae (Slender-back Rorquals, Humpback Whale)

—No subordinate taxa

 

Family: Eschrichtiidae (Gray Whale)

—No subordinate taxa1

1 The Atlantic gray/grey whale may be added in the future (synonym)

 

Parvorder: Odontoceti (Toothed Whales)

Superfamily: Delphinoidea (Oceanic Dolphins, Porpoises etc.)
Family: Delphinidae (Oceanic True Dolphins)
Scientific Name Author/s Common Name Last Record Distribution Status Taxon Profile
Lagenodelphis hosei Fraser, 1956 Fraser's dolphin, Sarawak dolphin (rediscovered) Pantropical Rediscovered Access
Stenella clymene Gray, 1846 Clymene dolphin, Helmet dolphin, Atlantic spinner dolphin (rediscovered) Atlantic Ocean Rediscovered Access

 

Family: Monodontidae (Beluga, Narwhal)

—No subordinate taxa

 

Family: Phocoenidae (Porpoises)
Scientific Name Author/s Common Name Last Record Distribution Status Taxon Profile
Phocoena sinus Norris & McFarland, 1958 Vaquita porpoise, Gulf Of California Harbour porpoise, Gulf Of California porpoise, Gulf porpoise - Gulf of California (northern), Mexico Functionally extinct Access

 

 

Superfamily: Physeteroidea (Sperm Whales)
Family: Kogiidae (Lesser Sperm Whales)

—No subordinate taxa

 

Family: Physeteridae (Sperm Whale)

—No subordinate taxa

 

Superfamily: Platanistoidea (River Dolphins)

Family: Iniidae (South American River Dolphins)

—No subordinate taxa

 

Family: Lipotidae (Baiji)
Scientific Name Author/s Common Name Last Record Distribution Status Taxon Profile
Lipotes vexillifer Miller, 1918 Baiji, Yangtze River dolphin, Chinese river dolphin, Changjiang dolphin, Chinese Lake dolphin, Whitefin dolphin, White flag dolphin, White-flag dolphin 2002 Qiantang River (incl. Fuchun River) & Yangtze River (incl. Dongting Lake and Poyang Lake), China Extinct Access

 

 

Family: Platanistidae (South Asian River Dolphin)

—No subordinate taxa

 

Family: Pontoporiidae (La Plata Dolphin)

—No subordinate taxa

 

Superfamily: Ziphioidea (Beaked Whales)
Family: Ziphidae

—No subordinate taxa