enfrdeitjaptrues

Carnivora (Carnivores)

 

Suborder: Caniformia

Family: [Ailuridae]

 

Family: Canidae

Scientific Name Author/s Common Name Last Record Distribution Status Taxon Profile
Canis dirus Leidy, 1858 Dire wolf early Holocene The Americas (Canada south to Bolivia) Extinct Access
Canis hodophilax Temminck, 1839 Honshu wolf, Honshu Island wolf, shamanu, Japanese dwarf wolf, nihon-okhami 1910 Honshu, Japan Extinct Access
Canis lupus alces Goldman, 1941 Kenai Peninsula (grey) wolf c.1915? 1955? Kenai Peninsula, Alaska (southern) Invalid (synonym) Access
Canis lupus beothucus Allen & Barbour, 1937 Newfoundland (white) wolf 1911 Canada Invalid (synonym) Access
Canis lupus bernardi Anderson, 1943 Bernard's wolf, Banks Island tundra wolf, Banks Island wolf, Victoria's Island wolf Between 1918-1952? Banks & Victoria Islands, Nunavut and Northwest Territories, Canada Invalid (synonym) Access
Canis lupus brevis Kuzmina & Sablin, 1994 - Late Pleistocene Russia Extinct Access
Canis lupus cristaldii Angelici & Rossi, 2018 Sicilian wolf 1924 Sicily, Italy Extinct Access
Canis lupus deitanus Cabrera, 1907 Spanish wolf, Levantine wolf, Iberian Levantine wolf 1830's? Spain (eastern) Invalid (nomen dubium?) Access
Canis lupus floridanus Miller, 1912 Florida black wolf, Eastern red wolf 1917 south-eastern USA Extinct Access
Canis lupus furlongi Hay, 1927 Furlong's (timber) wolf Late Pleistocene California, USA Extinct Access
Canis lupus fuscus Richardson, 1839 Cascade Mountains wolf, Cascade Mountains brown wolf, Brown wolf c.1950 North America (Canada & USA) Invalid (synonym) Access
Canis lupus gregoryi Goldman, 1937 Gregory's wolf, Gregor's red wolf, Mississippi Valley wolf, Texas red wolf, Swamp wolf ? USA (Arkansas, Louisiana, Missouri, Oklahoma & Texas) Extinct? Access
Canis lupus griseoalbus Baird, 1858 Manitoba wolf, Grey-white wolf 1800's? Alberta, Manitoba, and Saskatchewan, Canada Extinct Access
Canis lupus hattai Kishida, 1931 Hokkaido wolf, Ezo wolf, Yezo wolf, Yesso wolf 1887 or 1889 Hokkaido, Japan Extinct Access
Canis lupus maximus Boudadi-Maligne, 2012 Megafaunal wolf Late Pleistocene France Extinct Access
Canis lupus minor Ogérien, 1863 Hungarian reedwolf, Austro-Hungarian wolf ? Austria (eastern) & Hungary Invalid (synonym) Access
Canis lupus mogollonensis Goldman, 1937 New Mexican wolf, Mogollon Mountain wolf 1920's or 1930's New Mexico, USA Invalid (synonym) Access
Canis lupus monstrabilis Goldman, 1937 Texas grey wolf early 20th century Texas, USA & Mexico Invalid (synonym) Access
Canis lupus nubilus Say, 1823 Great Plains lobo wolf, Buffalo wolf - Texas, USA Rediscovered Access
Canis lupus spelaeus Goldfuss, 1823 Cave wolf, Don wolf Late Pleistocene Europe Extinct Access
Canis lupus youngi Goldman, 1937 Southern Rocky Mountain wolf Late 1930's or early 1940's Colorado, Nevada & Utah Invalid (synonym) Access
Canis lupus ssp. nov. 'Beringian ecomorph' - Beringian wolf Late Pleistocene Canada & USA Extinct Access
Canis lupus ssp. nov. 'eastern Greenland' - - ? Greenland Extinct Access
Canis volgensis Pawlowa, 1931 (1930?) Volga dog ? Russia Extinct Access
Cubacyon transversidens Arredondo & Varona, 1974 Cuban dhole ? Cuba Invalid (synonym) Access
Cuon alpinus europaeus Bourguignat, 1868 European dhole Holocene? Europe Extinct Access
Cynotherium sardous Studiati, 1857 Sardinian dhole, Sardinian dog c. 9,350 BC Corsica & Sardinia Extinct Access
Dusicyon australis Kerr, 1792 Falkland Island wolf, Falklands wolf, Falkland Islands dog, Falkland Island wild dog, Falkland Islands fox, Antarctic wolf, Warrah 1876 Falkland Islands, Argentina Extinct Access
Dusicyon avus Burmeister, 1864 (1866?) - c. 324-496 years cal BP Argentina & Uruguay Extinct Access
Indocyon caribensis (Arredondo, 1981) - ? Cuba Invalid (synonym) Access
Protocyon tarijensis (Ameghino, 1902) - <28ka? Bolivia Extinct Access
Protocyon troglodytes Lund, 1839 - 17,338 ± 85 BP South America Extinct Access
Speothos pacivorus Lund, 1839 Pleistocene bush dog Late Pleistocene Minas Gerais state, Brazil Extinct Access
Urocyon sp. nov. 'Cozumel' - Cozumel Island fox ? Cozumel Island, Mexico Extinct Access
Vulpes macrotis macrotis Merriam, 1888 Long-eared kitfox, Southern California kitfox, Desert kit fox 1903 Riverside County, California, USA Extinct Access

 

 

Family: Mephitidae

Scientific Name Author/s Common Name Last Record Distribution Status Taxon Profile
Brachyprotoma brevimala Heaton, 1985 - Late Pleistocene North America Invalid? Access
Brachyprotoma obtusata Cope, 1899 Short-faced skunk Late Pleistocene North America Extinct Access
Conepatus leuconotus figginsi Miller, 1925 - 1933 Colorado (southeastern) and New Mexico (northeastern), USA Extinct Access
Conepatus leuconotus telmalestes Bailey, 1905 Big-Thicket hog nosed skunk, Swamp hog-nosed skunk, White-backed skunk 1905 Big-Thicket, Hardin & Liberty counties, Texas (eastern), USA Extinct Access
Conepatus robustus Martin, 1978 - Late Pleistocene Florida, USA Extinct Access
Conepatus talarae Churcher & van Zyll de Jong, 1965 Talara skunk Late Pleistocene Peru Extinct Access

 

 

Family: Mustelidae

Scientific Name Author/s Common Name Last Record Distribution Status Taxon Profile
Algarolutra majori Malatesta, 1978 - Late Pleistocene Corsica & Sardinia Extinct Access
Aonyx antiquus (De Blainville, 1841:59) Ancient clawless otter Late Pleistocene Netherlands Extinct Access
Enhydrictis galictoides Forsyth Major, 1901 - Middle Pleistocene? Italy Extinct Access
Gulo gulo vancouverensis Goldman, 1935 Vancouver Island wolverine ? Vancouver Island, Canada Invalid (synonym) Access
Lutra castiglionis Pereira & Salotti, 2000 - Middle Pleistocene? Corsica, France Extinct Access
Lutra euxena Bate, 1935 - Late Pleistocene Malta Extinct Access
Lutra lutra whiteleyi Gray, 1867 Japanese otter 1950's? Hokkaido, Japan Extinct Access
Lutra nippon Imaizumi and Yoshiyuki, 1989 Japanese otter, Japanese river otter 1979 Honshu, Kyushu & Shikoku, Japan Extinct Access
Lutra sumatrana (Gray, 1865) Hairy-nosed otter - Asia Rediscovered Access
Lutraeximia trinacriae Burgio & Fiore, 1988 - Middle or Late Pleistocene Sicily, Italy Extinct Access
Lutrogale cretensis Symeonidis & Sondaar, 1975 Cretan otter Late Pleistocene Crete, Greece Extinct Access
Lutrogale perspicillata maxwelli Hayman, 1956 Iraq smooth-coated otter, Maxwell's otter - Iraq Invalid (synonym) Access
Martes (americana) nobilis Hall, 1926 Noble marten 2550 14 C yr BP North America Extinct Access
Martes caurina humboldtensis Grinnell & Dixon, 1926 Humboldt marten - California (northwestern) & Oregon (southwestern), USA Rediscovered Access
Megalenhydris barbaricina Willemsen & Malatesta, 1987 Sardinian giant otter Late Pleistocene Sardinia, Italy Extinct Access
Mustela felipei Izor & de la Torre, 1978 Colombian weasel, Don Felipe's weasel - Colombia & Ecuador Rediscovered Access
Mustela nigripes (Audubon & Bachman, 1851) Black-footed ferret - Canada, Mexico & USA Rediscovered Access
Mustela nivalis kudarensis Baryshnikov, 2009 - Late Pleistocene Europe Extinct Access
Neovison macrodon Prentiss, 1903 Sea mink, Shell-heap mink c.1890 Connecticut to New Brunswick, North America Extinct Access
Sardolutra ichnusae
Malatesta, 1977 - Late Pleistocene or Holocene Sardinia, Italy Extinct Access
Taxidea taxus papagoensis Skinner, 1943 Papago Spring badger Late Pleistocene? Arizona, USA Invalid? Access

 

 

Family: [Odobenidae (Walruses)]

 

Family: Otariidae (Fur Seals and Sea Lions)

Scientific Name Author/s Common Name Last Record Distribution Status Taxon Profile
Arctocephalus philippii (Peters, 1872) Juan Fernández fur seal, Philippi's fur seal - Juan Fernández Islands, Chile Rediscovered Access
Arctocephalus townsendi (Merriam, 1897) Guadalupe fur seal - Americas Rediscovered Access
Phocarctos sp. nov. 'Chatham Islands' - Chatham Islands sea lion 1450-1650 AD Chatham Islands, New Zealand Extinct Access
Phocarctos sp. nov. 'New Zealand (mainland)' - - c.1300-1500 AD New Zealand Extinct Access
Zalophus japonicus Peters, 1866 Japanese sea lion, Black sea lion 1951 Sea of Japan and surrounding waters Extinct Access

 

 

Family: Phocidae (Earless Seals)

Scientific Name Author/s Common Name Last Record Distribution Status Taxon Profile
Neomonachus tropicalis Gray, 1850 Caribbean monk seal, West Indian monk seal, West Indian seal, Jamaica seal 1952 or 1962 Waters around the Caribbean Extinct Access

 

 

Family: Procyonidae (Raccoons)

Scientific Name Author/s Common Name Last Record Distribution Status Taxon Profile
Procyon insularis vicinus Nelson & Goldman, 1931 - ? María Magdalena Island, Mexico (western) Invalid (synonym) Access
Procyon lotor gloveralleni Nelson & Goldman, 1930 Barbados raccoon 1964 Barbados, Lesser Antilles, West Indies Invalid (synonym) Access
Procyon lotor simus Gidley, 1906 - Late Pleistocene California, USA Extinct Access

 

 

Family: Ursidae

Scientific Name Author/s Common Name Last Record Distribution Status Taxon Profile
Ailuropoda baconi (Woodward, 1915) - Late Pleistocene China & Myanmar (=Burma) Extinct Access
Arctodus brasiliensis Lund, 1838 Brazilian short-faced bear Late Pleistocene Brazil Extinct Access
Arctodus pristinus Leidy, 1854 Lesser short-faced bear Late Pleistocene Americas Extinct Access
Arctodus simus Cope, 1879 Giant short-faced bear, Bulldog bear Late Pleistocene North America Extinct Access
Arctotherium bonariense Gervais, 1852 Buenos Aires bear Late Pleistocene Argentina Extinct Access
Arctotherium pamparum Ameghino, 1904 Pampas Bear Late Pleistocene South America Extinct Access
Arctotherium tarijense Ameghino, 1902 - Late Pleistocene Bolivia Extinct Access
Arctotherium wingei Ameghino, 1902 - Late Pleistocene Bolivia, Brazil & Venezuela Extinct Access
Tremarctos floridanus Gidley, 1928 Florida cave bear, Florida spectacled bear, Florida short-faced bear c. 9,000 BC Calfironia, Florida and Tennessee, USA Extinct Access
Ursus arctos binagadensis Vereshchagin, 1947 - Late Pleistocene Caucasus Mountains, Europe Extinct Access
Ursus arctos californicus Merriam, 1896 California grizzly (bear) 1933? California, USA Invalid (synonym) Access
Ursus arctos crowtheri Schinz, 1844 Atlas bear, Atlas brown bear 1800's Atlas Mountains (Algeria, Morocco & Tunisia) Extinct Access
Ursus arctos horriaeus Baird, 1858 - ? México and USA (southern) Invalid (synonym) Access
Ursus arctos nelsoni (Merriam, 1914) Mexican grizzly (bear), Mexican silver grizzly (bear), South-west grizzly (bear) early 1960's Mexico (Baja California, Chihuahua, Coahuila & Durango) Invalid (synonym) Access
Ursus arctos pervagor Merriam, 1914 - ? British Columbia, Canada (western) Invalid (synonym) Access
Ursus arctos piscator (Bergman, 1920) Kamchatkan bear, Bergman's bear c.1920 Kamchatkan Peninsula, Russia Hypothetical Access
Ursus arctos priscus Goldfuss, 1818 - Late Pleistocene Germany & Russia Extinct Access
Ursus deningeri Richenau, 1904 Deninger's bear Late Pleistocene Eurasia Extinct Access
Ursus etruscus
Cuvier, 1823 Etruscan bear Late Pleistocene Europe Extinct Access
Ursus kanivetz Vereshchagin, 1973 - Late Pleistocene Europe Extinct Access
Ursus kudarensis Baryshnikov, 1985 Asiatic cave bear, Kudaro cave bear Late Pleistocene? Asia Extinct Access
Ursus maritimus labradorensis Knotterus-Meyer, 1908 Labrador polar bear ? Labrador, Canada Invalid (synonym) Access
Ursus maritimus tyrannus Shaw, 1791 - Late Pleistocene England Invalid (synonym) Access
Ursus planifrons Denny, 1864 - Late Pleistocene Europe Invalid (synonym) Access
Ursus rossicus Borissiak, 1930 - Late Pleistocene Eurasia & Siberia Extinct Access
Ursus spelaeus eremus Rabeder, Hofreiter, Nagel & Withalm, 2004 - Late Pleistocene Austria Extinct Access
Ursus spelaeus ladinicus Rabeder, Hofreiter, Nagel & Withalm, 2004 - Late Pleistocene Italy Extinct Access
Ursus spelaeus spelaeus Rosenmüller, 1794 Cave bear Late Pleistocene Europe Extinct Access

 

 

Suborder: Feliformia

Family: Eupleridae (Fossas)

Scientific Name Author/s Common Name Last Record Distribution Status Taxon Profile
Cryptoprocta spelea (Grandidier, 1902) Giant fossa Holocene Madagascar Extinct Access

 

 

Family: Felidae

Scientific Name Author/s Common Name Last Record Distribution Status Taxon Profile
Acinonyx jubatus raddei (Hilzheimer, 1913) Turkestan cheetah 1970's? Caspian Sea area Invalid (synonym) Access
Acinonyx trumani Orr, 1969 American cheetah Late Pleistocene North America Extinct Access
Catopuma badia (Gray, 1874) Borneo bay cat, bay cat, Bornean bay cat - Borneo Rediscovered Access
Felis agrius Bate, 1905 Cretan wildcat ? Crete, Greece Invalid (synonym) Access
Felis lybica reyi (Lavauden, 1929) Corsican wild cat ? Corsica Invalid (synonym) Access
Felis rufus koakudsi Kurtén, 1965 - Late Pleistocene Florida, USA Extinct Access
Felis silvestris jordansi Schwarz, 1930 Balearic wildcat, Majorcan wild cat ? Majorca Invalid (synonym) Access
Homotherium latidens Owen, 1846 Saber-toothed cat c.26,000 BCE Europe Extinct Access
Homotherium serum Cope, 1893 Scimitar cat, Scimitar-toothed cat, Dirk-toothed sabertooth cat Late Pleistocene? California, USA Extinct or invalid Access
Leopardus amnicola Gillette, 1976 River margay Late Pleistocene The Americas Extinct Access
Leopardus wiedii cooperi Goldman, 1943 Nuevo Leon margay, Texas margay 1850's? Nuevo Leon, México (& Texas?) Invalid (synonym)? Access
Leptailurus serval constantina Forster, 1780 North African serval, Barbary serval - North Africa Rediscovered? Access
Lynx issiodorensis Croizet & Jobert, 1828 Issoire lynx Late Pleistocene Europe & China Extinct Access
Lynx lynx sardiniae Mola, 1908 Sardinian lynx c.1950 Sardinia, Italy Invalid Access
Lynx spelaeus Boule, 1906 - Late Pleistocene Europe Extinct Access
Neofelis nebulosa brachyurus (Swinhoe, 1862) Formosan clouded leopard, Formosan leopard 1900's? Taiwan (=Formosa) Invalid (synonym) Access
Neofelis sp. nov. 'Taiwain' - - Late Pleistocene Taiwan (=Formosa) Extinct if valid Access
Panthera atrox Leidy, 1853 American lion Late Pleistocene The Americas (North, Central and South America) Extinct Access
Panthera leo europaea ? European lion Holocene Europe (southern) ? Access
Panthera leo leo Linnaeus, 1758 Barbary lion, Atlas lion - North Africa Rediscovered (taxonomically) Access
Panthera leo melanochaitus Smith, 1842 Cape lion - Southern Africa Rediscovered (taxonomically) Access
Panthera leo sinhaleyus Deraniyagala, 1938 Sri Lankan lion c.37,000 BC Sri Lanka Extinct Access
Panthera leo vereshchagini Baryshnikov & Boeskorov, 2001 East Siberian cave lion, Beringian cave lion Late Pleistocene? Europe Invalid (synonym) Access
Panthera leo ssp. nov. 'Gigantic lion' - Gigantic lion Middle Pleistocene? Sudan Extinct Access
Panthera onca arizonensis Goldman, 1932 Arizona jaguar c.1905 USA (south-western) Invalid (synonym) Access
Panthera onca augustus Leidy, 1872 Jaguar (generic) Late Pleistocene or Holocene USA Extinct Access
Panthera onca mesembrina Cabrera, 1934 Jaguar (generic) Late Pleistocene? South America Invalid? Access
Panthera pardus adersi Pocock, 1932 Zanzibar leopard 1980's Unguja island, Zanzibar Archipelago Invalid (synonym) Access
Panthera pardus antiqua (Cuvier, 1835) Ancient jaguar Late Pleistocene Europe? Extinct? Access
Panthera pardus sickenbergi Schütt, 1969 European leopard Holocene? Europe Extinct Access
Panthera pardus spelaea (Bächler, 1936) Cave leopard, Ice Age leopard Late Pleistocene Europe Extinct Access
Panthera spelaea spelaea Goldfuss, 1810 European cave lion, Steppe lion Late Pleistocene Europe Extinct Access
Panthera tigris balica Schwarz, 1912 Bali tiger, Balinese tiger 1937 Bali, Indonesia Extinct Access
Panthera tigris bintana Kirk, 1994 Bintana tiger ? Sumatra, Indonesia Invalid (nomen nudum) Access
Panthera tigris soloensis Von Koenigswald, 1933 Ngandong tiger c.100,000 ka Sundaland (=Sundaic region), Indonesia Extinct? Access
Panthera tigris sondaica Temminck, 1844 Javan tiger pre-1979 Java, Indonesia Extinct Access
Panthera tigris virgata (Illiger, 1815) Caspian tiger, Hyrcanian tiger, Mazandaran tiger, Persian tiger, Turan tiger, Turanian tiger, Central Asian tiger, Turkestan tiger, Transoxiana tiger, Occidental tiger, Chinese Turkestan tiger (as lecoqi), Babr 1967? Caspian Sea area Invalid (synonym) Access
Panthera tigris ssp. nov. 'Borneo' - Borneo tiger Holocene Borneo Extinct if valid Access
Panthera tigris ssp. nov. 'Palawan' - Palawan tiger Late Pleistocene-Holocene border Palawan, Philippines Extinct if valid Access
Panthera sp. nov. 'Sri Lanka' - Batadomba cat 14,500 BC Sri Lanka Extinct Access
Prionailurus planiceps (Vigors & Horsfield, 1827) Flat-headed cat - Borneo & Thailand Rediscovered Access
Puma concolor couguar (Kerr, 1792) Eastern cougar - Central & North America Rediscovered Access
Smilodon fatalis Leidy, 1868 Saber-tooth tiger, Sabre-tooth cat, Sabertooth Late Pleistocene Americas Extinct Access
Smilodon populator Lund, 1841 Saber-toothed cat Late Pleistocene Americas Extinct Access

 

 

Family: Herpestidae

Scientific Name Author/s Common Name Last Record Distribution Status Taxon Profile
Herpestes brachyurus hosei Jentink, 1903 Hose's mongoose 1893 Sarawak, Malaysia Invalid (synonym) Access
Herpestes semitorquatus uniformis Robinson & Kloss, 1919 Sumatran collared mongoose - Sumatra, Indonesia Rediscovered Access

 

 

Family: Hyaenidae

Scientific Name Author/s Common Name Last Record Distribution Status Taxon Profile
Crocuta crocuta spelaea (Goldfuss, 1823) Cave hyaena Late Pleistocene Europe Extinct Access
Crocuta ultima ultima Matsumoto, 1915 - Late Pleistocene China Extinct Access
Crocuta ultima ussurica Baryshnikov & Vereshchagin, 1996 - Late Pleistocene Europe Extinct Access
Hyaena brunnea makapani Toerien, 1952 - Late Pleistocene South Africa Extinct Access

 

 

Family: [Nandiniidae (African Palm Civet)]

 

Family: [Prionodontidae]

 

Family: Viverridae

Scientific Name Author/s Common Name Last Record Distribution Status Taxon Profile
Arctogalidia trilineata Wagner, 1841 Javan small-toothed palm civet - Java, Indonesia Relocated or rediscovered Access
Diplogale hosei (Thomas, 1892) Hose's civet, Hose's palm civet - Borneo Relocated or rediscovered Access
Genetta plesictoides Bate, 1903 Cypriot genet Late Pleistocene Cyprus Extinct Access
Genetta poensis Waterhouse, 1838 King genet 1946 Congo, Equatorial Guinea (Bioko Island), Ghana and Liberia Missing Access
Genetta servalina lowei (Kingdon, 1977) Lowe's servaline genet - Tanzania Relocated or rediscovered Access
Viverra civettina Blyth, 1862 Malabar civet, Malabar large-spotted civet late 1980's or early 1990's Western Ghats, India? Missing? Access