Leiocephalus eremitus Cope, 1868

Navassa curly-tailed lizard


Liocephalus eremitus Cope, 1868 [orth. error]
Common Name
Navassa Island, Hispaniola
Last Record
Before 1868 (1900?)
IUCN status
The Reptile Database
TSE Forum thread
[b]Holotype:[/b] USNM 12016 (adult female; 64mm SVL)
This species is only known from the holotype, which can be seen [url=https://www.avila.edu/bobpowell/6pownav.htm]here[/url]. However, (World Conservation Monitoring Centre, 1996) states that the last record of this species was in 1900. Since only the holotype is known, this must represent a sighting rather than a collection.
[b]Original Scientific Description:[/b]

Cope, Edward Drinker. (1868). [url=https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/9768245#page/104/mode/1up]An examination of the Reptilia and Batrachia obtained by the Orton Expedition to Equador and the Upper Amazon, with notes on other species[/url]. Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia 20: 96-140.

[b]Species Bibliography:[/b]

Day, David. (1981). The Doomsday Book of Animals: A Natural History of Vanished Species. New York, N.Y.: The Viking Press.

Inchaustegui, S., Landestoy, M. & Powell, R. 2016. Leiocephalus eremitus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2016: e.T11388A71739619. Downloaded on 17 December 2016.

Powell, Robert. (1999). Herpetology of Navassa Island, West Indies. Caribbean Journal of Science 35: 1-13.

Powell, Robert and Henderson, Robert W. (2012). [url=https://andeanbutterflies.org/bulletin/vol51no2.pdf]Island lists of West Indian amphibians and reptiles[/url]. Bulletin of the Florida Museum of Natural History 51(2): 85-166. [considers this taxon possibly extinct]

Pregill, Gregory K. (1992). [url=https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/16290138#page/3/mode/1up]Systematics of the West Indian Lizard Genus [i]Leiocephalus[/i] (Squamata: Iguania: Tropiduridae)[/url]. The University of Kansas Museum of Natural History, Miscellaneous Publications, No. 84: 1-69.