The Recently Extinct Plants and Animals Database

enfrdeitjaptrues

Geocapromys thoracatus True, 1888:469

Little Swan Island hutia, Swan Island hutia

 

 

Taxonomy & Nomenclature

Synonym/s: Geocapromys brownii thoracatus True, 1888

 

Conservation Status

Last record: 1955

IUCN status: Extinct

 

It has been conjectured that a severe hurricane in 1955, followed by the introduction feral cats shortly thereafter drove this species extinct.

 

Distribution

Little Swan Island, Honduras

 

Biology

 

 

Hypodigm

MCZ 8435 (skull minus lower jaw; sex unspecified)

MCZ 12816 (skin and skeleton; male)

MCZ 12817(skin and skeleton; male)

MCZ 12818 (skin and skeleton; male)

MCZ 12819 (skin and skeleton; female)

MCZ 12821 (skin and skeleton; male)

MCZ 14410 (skin; male)

MCZ 14535 (skeleton; sex unspecified)

MCZ 27882 (skeleton; sex unspecified)

MCZ 34846 (skeleton; sex unspecified)

 

Media

 

 

References

Original scientific description:

True, F. W. (1888). On the mammals collected in eastern Honduras in 1887 by Mr. Charles Townsend, with a description of a new subspecies of Capromys from Little Swan Island. Proc. U. S. Natl. Mus. 11: 469-472.

 

Other references:

Borroto-Páez, Rafael, Mancina, Carlos A., Woods, Charles A. and Kilpatrick, C. William. (2012). Checklist: Updated Checklist of Endemic Terrestrial Mammals of the West Indies, pp. 389-415. In: Borroto-Páez, Rafael, Woods, Charles A. and Sergile, F. E. (eds.). Terrestrial Mammals of the West Indies: Contributions. Gainesville, Florida: Florida Museum of Natural History and Wacahoota Press. 482 pp.

Clough, Garrett C. (1975). Project 1169. Hutia status survey on Little Swan Island and Jamaica. In: Jackson, P. (ed.). World Wildlife Yearbook 1974-75. Switzerland: WWF.

Clough, Garrett C. (1976). Current status of two endangered Caribbean rodents. Biol. Conserv. 10(1): 43-47. [Abstract]

Freudenthal, M. and Martín-Suárez, E. (2013). Estimating body mass of fossil rodents. Scripta Geologica 145: 1-130. [0.850-1.514 kg estimate]

Hall, E. R. 1981. The mammals of North America. Second ed. John Wiley and Sons, New York, 1:1-600 + 90, 2:601-1181 + 90.

Joslin, Paul and Maryanka, Daphne. (1968). Endangered Mammals of the World: Report on Status and Action Treatment. IUCN Publications, New Series, Supplementary Paper No. 13: 34 pp.

Mohr, E. (1939). Die Baum- und Ferkelratten- Gattungen Capromys Desmarest (sens. ampl.) und Plagiodontia Cuvier. Mitteilungen aus dem Hamburgischen Museum und Institut (Hamburg) 48: 48-118.

Morgan, Gary S. (1985). Taxonomic status and relationships of the Swan Island Hutia, Geocapromys thoracatus (Mammalia: Rodentia: Capromyidae), and the zoogeography of the Swan Islands vertebrate fauna. Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington 98(1): 29-46.

Morgan, Gary S. (1989). Geocapromys thoracatus. Mammalian Species 341: 1-5.

Moyne, W. E. G. (1938). Atlantic Circle. London and Glasgow: Blackie & Sons Ltd. [contains a photograph of this species, caught in 1937]

Smith, F.A., Lyons, S.K, Morgan Ernest, S.K, Jones, K.E., Kaufman, D.M., Dayan, T., Marquet, P.A., Brown, J.H. & Haskell, J.P. (2003). Body mass of late Quaternary mammals. Ecology, 84: 3403. [Ecological Archives E084-094]

Thornback, Jane and Jenkins, Martin (compilers). (1982). The IUCN Mammal Red Data Book. Part 1: Threatened Mammalian Taxa of the Americas and the Australasian Zoogeographic Region (Excluding Cetacea). Gland, Switzerland: IUCN. 516 pp.

Turvey, S. and Helgen, K. (2008). Geocapromys thoracatus. In: IUCN 2011. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2011.1. (https://www.iucnredlist.org). Downloaded on 09 October 2011.

Varona, L. S. 1974. Catálogo de los mamíferos vivientes y extinguidos de las Antillas. Instituto de Zoologia, Academia de Ciencias de Cuba (Havana), 139 pp.

https://www.exeterexpressandecho.co.uk/Bodies-extinct-guinea-pig-like-creatures/story-24101786-detail/story.html

https://www.westernmorningnews.co.uk/Simon-looks-lessons-story-lost-species/story-24298158-detail/story.html

https://extinctanimals.proboards.com/thread/7033/geocapromys-thoracatus-swan-island-hutia

 

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