Animalia (Animals)

The various recognised taxonomic groups have changed radically since Carl Linnaeus enumerated them in 1758 (Systema Naturae, tenth edition). With the creation of seemingly ever more trivial taxonomic ranks (e.g. McKenna & Bell, 1997) and the surgence of cladistics in the late 20th century, higher taxonomy has become both über dynamic and über complex. The situation is increasingly being recognised as artificial, since Linnaeus' taxonomic system is essentially predicated upon false bifurcations. While speciation (the evolution of new species) certainly entails genetic divergence, at the biological level it is far more subtle than incorrigible divisions. Populations often freely hybridise and introgress long after they have "diverged". In reality life is like a long, winding, labrinthyne river. It's salinity level may differ here and there, but such changes are just as natural as the clear continuity of one droplet with the next as they move together through genetic space and time. The odd one being liquidated through evaporation (i.e. extinction).

Most of the database entries are still housed at the old website, which are available here. Moreover, many of those here are not formatted properly yet. If there is a specific entry or set of entries that you would like me to format properly please contact me.


Phylum: Acanthocephala (Spiny-headed Worms)

Phylum: Amoebozoa

Phylum: Annelida (Earthworms, Leeches etc.)

Phylum: Apicomplexa

Phylum: Arthropoda (Arthropod Invertebrates)

Subphylum: Chelicerata (Spiders, Sea Spiders, Scorpions, Mites, Ticks etc.)

Subphylum: Crustacea (Crustaceans)

Subphylum: Hexapoda (Insects and their relatives)

Class: Entognatha (Springtails, Diplurans and Proturans)

Class: Insecta

Order: Blattodea (Cockroaches and Termites)
Order: Coleoptera (Beetles)
Order: Dermaptera (Earwigs)
Order: Diptera (Flies and Mosquitoes)
Order: [Embioptera]1
Order: Ephemeroptera (Mayflies)
Order: Hemiptera (True Bugs)
Order: Hymenoptera (Social Insects: Ants, Bees and Wasps)
Order: Lepidoptera (Butterflies and Moths)
Order: Mantodea
Order: Mecoptera
Order: Neuroptera (Net-winged insects)
Order: Odonata (Dragonflies and Damselflies)
Order: Orthoptera (Grasshoppers, Locusts, Crickets, Wetas and Katydids)
Order: Phasmatodea  (Stick Insects or Walking Sticks)
Order: Phthiraptera (Louse)
Order: Plecoptera (Stoneflies)
Order: Psocodea (Lice)
Order: Siphonaptera (Fleas)
Order: [Thysanoptera (Thrips)]1
Order: Trichoptera (Caddisflies)

Subphylum: Myriapoda (Centipedes, Millipedes, Pauropoda & Symphyla)

Phylum: Chordata (Chordates)

Class: Actinopterygii (Ray-finned Fish)

Subclass: Chondrostei (Cartilaginous Fish)

Subclass: [Cladistia (Bichirs and Reedfish)]1

Subclass: Neopterygii (New-Finned Fish)

Class: Amphibia (Frogs, Toads, Salamanders etc.)

Order: Anura (Frogs and Toads)

Order: Gymnophiona (Caecilians)

Order: Urodela (Salamanders, Newts, Axolotls etc.)

Class: Aves (Birds)

Superorder: Galloanserae

Order: Anseriformes (Waterfowl)
Order: Galliformes (Francolins, Junglefowl, Mound-builders, Pheasants, Turkeys, etc.)

Superorder: Neoaves

Order: Accipitriformes (eagles, Old World vultures, secretary-birds, hawks, harriers, etc)
Order: Apodiformes (Hummingbirds, Swifts and Treeswifts)
Order: Bucerotiformes (Hornbills, Hoopoes, Scimitarbills, and Wood Hoopoes)
Order: Caprimulgiformes (Frogmouths, Nightjars, Oilbirds, Owlet-nightjars and Potoos)
Order: Cariamiformes (Seriemas and Terror Birds)
Order: Cathartiformes (New World Vultures)
Order: Charadriiformes (Plovers, crab plovers, lapwings, seagulls, puffins, auks, sandipipers, buttonquails, stilts, avocets, ibisbills, woodcocks, skuas, etc)
Order: Ciconiiformes (storks, openbills and jabirus)
Order: [Coliiformes (Mousebirds)]
Order: Columbiformes (Pigeons and doves)
Order: Coraciiformes (rollers, bee eaters, todys, kingfishers, etc)
Order: Cuculiformes (Cuckoos, anis, etc)
Order: Eurypygiformes (Kagus and Sunbitterns)
Order: Falconiformes (Caracaras, Falcons, Kestrels, etc.)
Order: [Gaviiformes (Loons)]
Order: Gruiformes (Cranes, crakes, rails, wood-rails, fluftais, gallinules, limpkins, trumpeters, finfoots and sungrebes)
Order: [Leptosomiformes (Cuckoorollers)]
Order: [Mesitornithiformes (Mesites)]
Order: Musophagiformes (Turacos, Go-Away-Birds and Plantain-Eaters)
Order: [Opisthocomiformes (Hoatzin)]
Order: Otidiformes (Bustards, Floricans and Korhaans)
Order: Passeriformes (passerines)
Order: Pelecaniformes (Egrets, Herons, Ibises, Pelicans, Shoebills, etc.)
Order: [Phaethontiformes (Tropicbirds)]
Order: Phoenicopteriformes (Flamingos)
Order: Piciformes (woodpeckers, flickers, toucans, aracaris, motmots, etc)
Order: Podicipediformes (Grebes)
Order: Procellariiformes (petrels, storm petrels, albatrosses and diving petrels)
Order: Psittaciformes (Cockatoos and Parrots)
Order: Pteroclidiformes (Sandgrouse)
Order: Sphenisciformes (Penguins)
Order: Strigiformes (Owls)
Order: Suliformes (Boobies, Cormorants, Darters, Frigatebirds and Shags)
Order: [Trogoniformes (Quetzals and Trogons)]

Superorder: Notopalaeognathae

Order: Apterygiformes (Kiwis)
Order: Casuariiformes (Casowaries and Emus)
Order: Rheiformes (Rheas)
Order: Tinamiformes (Tinamous)

Superorder: Struthionimorphae

Order: Struthioniformes (Ostriches)

Class: Chondrichthyes (Sharks, Rays etc.)

Class: Hyperoartia/Petromyzontida (Lampreys)

Class: Mammalia (Mammals)

Infraclass: Australosphenida (includes Monotremes: Echidnas and Platypuses)

Infraclass: Eutheria (Placental Mammals)

Superorder: Afrotheria

Order: Afrosoricida/Tenrecoidea (Golden Moles and Tenrecs)

Order: Macroscelidea (Elephant Shrews)

Order: Proboscidea (Elephants, Mammoths and Mastodons)

Order: Sirenia

Superorder: Boreoeutheria

Order: Carnivora

Order: Cetartiodactyla (Even-toed Ungulates)

Order: Chiroptera (Bats)

Order: Eulipotyphla (Moles, Shrews, Solenodons)

Order: Lagomorpha (Rabbits, Hares, Pikas)

Order: †Litopterna (Macraucheniids)

Order: †Notoungulata (Notoungulates)

Order: Perissodactyla (Odd-toed Ungulates)

Order: Pholidota (Pangolins)

Order: Primates (Apes, Monkeys, Lemurs, Lorises, Tarsiers, Aye-aye)

Order: Rodentia (Rodents)

Superorder: Xenarthra

Order: Cingulata (Armadillos)

Order: Pilosa (Anteaters and Sloths)

Infraclass: Metatheria (Marsupials)

Superorder: Ameridelphia

Order: Didelphimorphia (Opossums)

Order: [Paucituberculata]1

Superorder: Australidelphia

Order: Dasyuromorphia (Tasmanian Devil, Thylacine, Quolls, Dunnarts, Numbat etc.)

Order: Diprotodontia (Kangaroos, Wallabies, Wombats, Possums etc.)

Order: [Microbiotheria]1

Order: [Notoryctemorphia (Marsupial Moles)]1

Order: Peramelemorphia (Bandicoots, Bilbies and Pig-footed Bandicoots)

Class: [Myxini (Hagfishes)]

Class: Reptilia (Snakes, Lizards, Tortoises etc.)

Order: Crocodilia/Crocodylia

Order: Rhynchocephalia (Tuataras and their extinct relatives)

Order: Squamata

Suborder: Amphisbaenia
Suborder: Ophidia (Serpentes)
Suborder: Sauria (Lacertilia)

Order: Testudines

Class: [Sarcopterygii (lobe-finned fish)]1

Phylum: Ciliophora (Ciliates)

Phylum: Cnidaria (Jellyfish, Coral, Sea Anemones etc.)

Phylum: [Ctenophora (Comb Jellies)]1

Phylum: Echinodermata (Echinoderms: Starfish, Sea Cucumbers etc.)

Phylum: Hemichordata (Acorn Worms etc.)

Phylum: Mollusca (Snails, Bivalves, Chitons etc.)

Class: Bivalvia (Mussels, Clams, Oysters etc.)

Class: Gastropoda (Land Snails, Sea Snails etc.)2

Class: Caenogastropoda

Class: Heterobranchia

Class: Neomphaliones

Class: Neritimorpha

Class: Patellogastropoda (True Limpets)

Class: Vetigastropoda

Class: Scaphopoda (Tusk Shells)

Phylum: Nematoda (Nematodes)

Phylum: Nemertea (Ribbon Worms)

Phylum: Onychophora (Velvet Worms)

Phylum: Platyhelminthes (Flat Worms)

Phylum: Porifera (Sea Sponges)

Phylum: Tardigrada (Water Bears or Moss Piglets)



1 Taxonomic ranks encompassed by square brackets (i.e. "[" and "]") have no relevant subordinate taxa. That is, none of the species or subspecies included therein both a) survived at least until the late Pleistocene and b) are considered missing, extinct or rediscovered.

2 Gastropod taxonomy follows (Bouchet et al., 2017).